"Those heroes that shed their blood and lost their lives (in Gallipoli). You are now lying in the soil of a friendly country. Therefore rest in peace. There is no difference between the Johnnies and the Mehmets to us where they lie side by side here in this country of ours. You the mothers who sent their sons from far away countries wipe away your tears. Your sons are now living in our bosom and are in peace. Having lost their lives on this land they have become our sons as well."
Mustafa Kemal Atatürk
What is Anzac?
Anzac Day goes beyond the anniversary of the landing on Gallipoli in 1915. It is the day we remember all Australians who served and died in all wars, conflicts, and peacekeeping operations. The spirit of Anzac, with its human qualities of courage, mateship, and sacrifice, continues to have meaning and relevance for our sense of national identity. On Anzac day, ceremonies are held in towns and cities across Australia and around the world to acknowledge the service of Australian veterans.
Read more: www.awm.gov.au/commemoration/anzac
INTERACTIVE GALLIPOLI SCHOOL BOOK BRINGS HISTORY TO LIFE
It is now easier to learn about the Gallipoli campaign, thanks to an interactive iBook. The Gallipoli iBook brings the Gallipoli campaign to life through rare historical footage, interviews with Turkish students and insights from the book’s author, historian Dr Richard Reid. Other features of the iBook are an interactive map, a sequence of life at Anzac Cove, educational activities, a quiz and many photographs, some of which have been brought to life with audio and visual effects.
The Gallipoli iBook can be downloaded for free from iTunes.
Boats carrying troops to shore on the morning of the Anzac Cove landing. Turkey, Gallipoli, 25 April 1915.
(Courtesy of the Australian War Memorial: http://cas.awm.gov.au/item/A01000)
Gallipoli Commemorations / Anzac Day in Turkey
The Gallipoli Commemorative services are conducted by Turkey, Australia, New Zealand, the United Kingdom and France and are held over two days, 24 and 25 April. The services on 24 April include the Turkish International Ceremony at Mehmetcik Abidesi; the French Memorial Service at Morto Bay; the Commonwealth and Irish Memorial Service at Cape Helles and the Turkish Memorial Service at the 57th Regiment Memorial and Cemetery.
On Anzac Day (25 April) each year, Australia and New Zealand conduct the Dawn Service at the Anzac Commemorative Site.
The organisation of the Australian and New Zealand Anzac Day services is made possible with the gracious assistance and cooperation of the Government of the Republic of Turkey.
The role of the Commemorations and War Graves Division within the Department of Veterans’ Affairs is to acknowledge and commemorate the service and sacrifice of all those who served Australia and its allies in wars, conflicts and peace operations. The Department of Veterans’ Affairs has a Counsellor, supported by Project Managers working within the Australian Embassy Ankara.
A key function of both the Australian Embassy’s Department of Veterans’ Affairs (DVA) Counsellor and of the Australian Consulate in Canakkale, is to maintain the high level of good cooperative relations with the Turkish authorities responsible for managing and supporting the ANZAC commemorations every year. In addition to helping to maintain the positive nature of the relationship through close liaison, targeted aid projects and joint commemorative and cultural activities, the DVA Counsellor and Australian Consulate in Canakkale work jointly with the local Turkish authorities to ensure the ongoing protection of the Gallipoli peninsula.
18 March Ceremonies
The Gallipoli campaign, which is so important to the shared history of Australia, Turkey and New Zealand, began largely as a result of the earlier Turkish naval victory on 18 March, 1915. This crucial naval victory, is remembered in a number of ways in Turkey as a defining moment in the history of the Turkish nation. These events are commemorated by the Turkish Government at the Mehmetcik Abidesi memorial. The Australian Embassy is represented at the commemorations.
‘Onsekiz Mart University’, based in Canakkale, takes its name from the date of the battle and every year commemorations are held throughout Turkey to mark the day, with regular attendance and participation by Australian officials.
Between 2014 and 2018 Australia will commemorate the Anzac Centenary, marking 100 years since our involvement in the First World War.
Anzac Day tradition: what do we commemorate and how?
First World War: an overview of Australia's involvement in the First World War
Australia’s official war histories
First World War on Youtube (AWM)
Maps of Gallipoli campaign including Turkish maps